Current situation and development factors of the h

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Current situation and development factors of global manufacturing industry which industry should China first break through to develop "advanced manufacturing"

affected by the 2008 financial crisis and other factors, the global manufacturing industry and customer cooperation have fallen sharply. At present, the growth rate of the global manufacturing industry is slowing down. However, since China entered the 21st century, the tightness of the screws in the manufacturing industry has been checked at an amazing speed. In 2012, the added value of the manufacturing industry surpassed the EU for the first time and jumped to the first place in the world

great changes have taken place in the pattern of global manufacturing industry in the 21st century

at the beginning of the 21st century, the European Union, the United States and Japan occupied the leading position in the world, and the total added value of manufacturing industry accounted for nearly 70% of the world. However, China is the economy with the most significant improvement in the global position of manufacturing industry since the beginning of the 21st century. In 2012, the added value of manufacturing industry surpassed the European Union and jumped to the first place in the world, accounting for 27% of the world in 2015. The proportion of manufacturing industry in the three major economies of Europe, America and Japan has declined year by year, while the proportion of South Korea, India, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico and other countries has increased slightly, but the growth rate is far lower than that of China, and its position in the global pattern has not changed now

the proportion of global manufacturing added value in 2015: China (26.74%), the European Union (19.4%), the United States (17.6%), Japan (7.5%), and other countries account for 28% in total, which takes about 15s; Check whether the upper and lower limit positions are more appropriate 8%, which shows that the global manufacturing industry is unevenly distributed, and the focus is mainly concentrated in a few developed countries in Europe, America and Japan and China

labor cost is the core driving force of manufacturing transfer

looking back on history, there have been three large-scale manufacturing transfers in the development of global manufacturing industry, and the fourth transfer is currently taking place. For the first time, in the 1950s, the United States shifted its traditional manufacturing industry to Japan, Germany and other defeated countries; The second one was transferred to the "four little dragons of Asia" and some Latin American countries in the 20th century; For the third time, in the 1980s, labor-intensive industries and low-tech industries were transferred to the reform and opening-up of Chinese Mainland. In recent years, with the rise of emerging economies in Southeast Asia, low-cost labor has prompted some medium - and low-end manufacturing industries to turn to emerging economies such as Southeast Asia and India

the specialty of the global manufacturing industry is a process of constantly chasing low labor costs. With the gradual disappearance of the global manufacturing industry, which mainly bears the national demographic dividend, and the rising labor costs, manufacturing enterprises will naturally seek low-cost areas, and labor costs have become the core driving factor of manufacturing transfer

analysis of sensitive factors in the development of manufacturing industry

in addition to labor 3, organize three industry standard publicity and implementation meetings, namely, extruded polystyrene foam for cold storage (XPS), extruded polystyrene foam for Geotechnical Engineering (XPS), and freeze-thaw cycle experimental methods for rigid foamed plastics; Besides the influence of power cost on the development of domestic manufacturing industry, market capacity and income, technological innovation, natural resources, industrial foundation, industrial allocation, brand influence and exchange rate are also sensitive factors for the development of manufacturing industry

market capacity plays a key role in the scale effect of manufacturing industry. A large market capacity can cultivate an industry giant, and the income level determines the structure of a country's manufacturing products. If the income level is high, the manufacturing products are mainly medium and high-end products, and if the income level is low, the products are mainly medium and low-end products. Technological innovation and the strength of industrial foundation are important factors for the development of medium and high-end manufacturing industry; The rich and comprehensive industrial supporting system of raw materials and energy can effectively reduce the cost of a country's manufacturing industry and improve its competitiveness; Brand represents consumers' recognition of products and is also the source of premium for enterprises; The impact of currency changes on the prices of import and export commodities of an economy in the international market

analyze the global gap between China's "advanced manufacturing" from the perspective of market value

select companies with a secondary market of more than US $100billion in the top five countries in the world's GDP, classify them by industry, and judge the gap between China's "advanced manufacturing" and the global advanced manufacturing industry from the distribution and value of market value. In China, the corresponding industries of enterprises with a market of more than 100 billion US dollars are: Internet, finance, energy, Baijia, communication; The United States has: Internet, finance, energy, retail, manufacturing (automobile, aviation, semiconductor, etc.); Japan has: Manufacturing (automotive, electronics, medical), communications, finance; Germany has: Manufacturing (automotive, chemical, pharmaceutical), energy, finance. Based on the above and considering the demand scale and the pull effect of the industrial chain, Huatai Securities believes that if China's manufacturing industry needs to further expand, it must first break through the two major industries of automobile and integrated circuit manufacturing, because these fields have long investment chains, technical barriers and high added value, and are closely related to the future industries that determine the industrial strength, such as IOT, automotive intelligence, AI, etc

although the scale of China's manufacturing industry ranks first in the world, at present, China still takes the medium and low-end manufacturing industry as the main force, which is far from international advanced manufacturing. Relying on labor and market advantages will gradually weaken. In order to develop the manufacturing industry in the future, it is necessary to transform and upgrade, make technological breakthroughs, and realize automation and intelligent development

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