The hottest industrial robot market in China will

2022-08-09
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The scale of China's industrial robot market will reach 114 billion yuan

with the development of science and technology and economy, the advantage of China's cheap labor force begins to disappear gradually, while the robot industry, as an emerging field, rises rapidly. In 2012, the purchase volume of robots in China reached 23000, and China has become the second largest robot market in the world after Japan, leading the United States and Germany. With the development of science and technology and economy, the advantage of cheap labor in China began to disappear gradually, while the robot industry, as an emerging field, rose rapidly. In 2012, the purchase volume of robots in China reached 23000, and China has become the second largest robot market in the world after Japan, leading the United States and Germany

China has a huge market, but domestic industrial robot enterprises are inherently deficient in technological development, and their competitiveness in the international market is slightly weak. Especially in the past 10 years, the price of imported robots has been greatly reduced, and the ordinary industrial robots manufactured by our country simply cannot compete with it in price, which has a deep impact on the development of industrial robots in our country

in order to reshape the competitive advantage of China's manufacturing industry and open the door to the road of automation, the state issued the 12th Five Year special plan for the development of intelligent manufacturing technology in 2012, which specifically describes industrial robots: to overcome the common technologies of industrial robots, precision reducers, servo drivers, motors, controllers and other core components, and independently develop industrial robot engineering products, Realize the technological breakthrough and industrialization of industrial robots and their core components

under the background of deepening industrial transformation and upgrading and weakening demographic dividend, industrial robots are used more and more widely. The International Federation of robotics survey found that from 2008 to 2011, China's robot adoption rate (that is, the proportion of robots per 10000 employees) increased by 210%. In 2012, the average growth rate of the output value of robot enterprises in Shenzhen exceeded 30%, and the growth rate of individual enterprises even reached 200%. In the past two years, the state has issued relevant policies to support the development of the robot industry, and many provinces have established robot industry alliances. According to the current development trend, it is generally predicted that China will become the world's largest industrial robot market in 2014

but it is worth noting that China has not really formed its own brand and has a certain scale of industrial robot industry. Compared with major developed countries, China's robot industry has a slow development speed, weak core technology, and low market share and added value. At present, the industrial robot products of foreign brands account for more than 90% of China's domestic market share. Luo Baihui, chief researcher of Jinmo industrial control, said that Chinese enterprises generally rely on imports for the key components of the robot joint reducer, which leaves us at least a decade or two behind the advanced level of foreign countries. It is suggested that domestic robots can make breakthroughs in low-end products first, so as to promote large-scale applications, and then work on the high-end market after accumulating experience

industrial robots have triggered the manufacturing revolution

in recent years, the rising labor costs have forced many enterprises in the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta to relocate. In order to maintain profits, they have to move manufacturing links to central and Western China, Southeast Asian countries with lower human costs, and even African countries with lower human costs. The world factory once faced a difficult transformation. However, the headquarters economy and branding process in imagination will not be available overnight for most ordinary manufacturing enterprises. Where will made in China go

at the same time, another manufacturing revolution is quietly taking place in the world. The same theme is migration, but it is a reverse migration completely opposite to the above migration direction. An American expert proposed this year: when we combine artificial intelligence, robotics and digital manufacturing technology, a manufacturing revolution will occur. It enables American entrepreneurs to build factories locally and produce a variety of products. In this way, how can China compete with us? The United States is destined to regain leadership in manufacturing, and it will soon be China's turn to worry. The combination of the three technologies proposed by the American scholar to declare war on China's manufacturing industry is the embodiment of the strong combination of enterprises in which scientific research institutions are stationed, and the manufacturing mode can be called intelligent manufacturing, that is, intelligent manufacturing

industrial robot is a modern intelligent equipment integrating machinery, electronics, control, computers, sensors, artificial intelligence and other advanced technologies in many disciplines. It will soon become a high-tech and high-efficiency equipment that cannot be replaced by the manufacturing industry. Over the past decade, the global demand for industrial robots has expanded rapidly

according to the statistics of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), the average annual growth rate of newly installed industrial robots in the world was about 9%. Among them, the demand surged in 2010 and 2011, and the global production and sales of industrial robots reached 160000 in 2012

it is estimated that by 2025, 5% - 15% of manufacturing workers will be replaced by industrial robots. The average annual growth rate of global installed capacity is 25% - 30%, higher than the growth level of the past 20 years, but lower than the growth rate of 2011 and 2012

data shows that the demand for industrial robots in China is growing rapidly: in, the installation volume increased by more than 20% every year. In 2010, the number of industrial robots in China was 52290, and in 2011 it was 74317, achieving an annual growth of 42%. At present, the actual ownership should have exceeded 100000 units. In, the average annual installation of industrial robots in China was about 15000. Even in 2009, when the global economy was depressed, the sales volume was also growing against the trend. The installed quantity was 14978 units in 2010, 22027 units in 2011 and 24800 units in 2012

the automotive industry has the largest demand for industrial robots in the world, accounting for 27.27%; The electronic manufacturing industry accounts for 22.82%, which is closely related to the technological breakthroughs in the field of consumer electronics in recent years; Followed by rubber and plastic industry and metal products, accounting for 8.71% and 3.62% respectively

according to IFR's prediction, by 2014, China will become the world's largest demand country for industrial robots, with a demand of 32000 units, accounting for 17% of the total global sales

at present, most domestic enterprises are concerned about how to expand their enterprises. They often have thousands or tens of thousands of people. Foreign enterprises are more in pursuit of technology leadership, so that their products are indispensable in the production and manufacturing of other products. Chinese manufacturing enterprises mainly rely on price and quantity to win, lacking core technology. With the increase of labor and raw material costs, the profits of manufacturing enterprises will become thinner and thinner. Looking around the world, the third industrial revolution with digital intelligent manufacturing as the core is coming, and the protagonist of this revolution is the large-scale popularization and application of artificial intelligence represented by industrial robots

domestic robots receive policy support

although China's industrial robot market is about to become the world's first, this market is controlled by foreign brands. According to statistics, another great advantage of fiber reinforced composites, which are mainly foreign brands and occupy the top 10 in the sales volume of China's industrial robot market in 2012, is that they will not rust, and foreign giants hold more than 80% of the market share

facing the bright prospect and the weak foundation in the early stage of industrialization, China's industrial robot industry urgently needs to establish top-level designs such as industrial policies, industrial development plans, and common technology platforms to speed up the development of independent brands. Among them, it is particularly important to formulate special plans for industrial robots and strengthen technological research and development

according to Luo Baihui, with the continuous warming of the domestic robot concept in recent years, the relevant supporting policies on the robot industry have been followed up. In 2011, the Ministry of industry and information technology released the industrial plan of intelligent manufacturing equipment. In 2012, the Ministry of science and Technology issued the 12th Five Year special plan for the development of service robot science and technology, proposing to overcome the common technologies of core components such as industrial robot body, precision reducer, servo driver, motor and controller, independently develop industrial robot engineering products, and realize the technological breakthrough and industrialization of core components of industrial robot machines

in July 2013, Wang Weiming, deputy director of the equipment industry department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, revealed that the "guiding opinions on promoting the development of industrial robot industry" had been submitted to the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of science and technology and other ministries and commissions, and may be officially released soon. The next step is to increase support for the robot industry

the 12th Five Year Plan is a key turning point for the development of China's industrial robot industry, and the market demand will also show a blowout development. Zhang Xianmin, Dean of the school of mechanical and automotive engineering of South China University of technology, pointed out that the industrial scale of industrial robots is expected to exceed trillion in 2015, and the prospects of intelligent manufacturing and intelligent equipment industry are optimistic. Taking Shenzhen as an example, the data shows that the product scale of information, home appliances, communications and other equipment manufacturing industries related to robot technology has reached more than 300 billion yuan, ranking in the forefront of the country. In 2012, the average growth rate of the output value of robot enterprises in Shenzhen exceeded 30%, and the growth rate of individual enterprises even reached 200%

on April 21, 2013, the China robot industry alliance led by the China Machinery Industry Federation was inaugurated in the Beijing Science and technology hall. The alliance aims to promote the development of China's industrial robot industry, guide the progress of domestic enterprises, and promote the industry forward. Local robot industry alliances have been established one after another, and the industry, University and Research Institute have made concerted efforts to overcome the cutting-edge technology of robot manufacturing

Luo Baihui suggested that financial capital, venture capital and private capital should be encouraged to invest in industrial robot applications and industrial development. For industrial robot projects with advanced technology, obvious advantages and strong driving and supporting role, priority should be given to credit support. Actively support qualified industrial robot enterprises to directly finance in domestic and foreign capital markets

at the same time, when the reliability of domestic industrial robots reaches a certain level, the first set of subsidy policies will be introduced. Allow the establishment of industrial robot leasing companies to promote the use of industrial robots by small enterprises with less abundant funds. Industrial robot leasing may become a model to promote the rapid development of the industrial robot industry

great changes in employment structure

about the labor cost of robots, a person in charge of the marketing department of Guangzhou CNC calculated the account: at present, the cost of a 2-axis and 4-axis robot with simple functions has fallen to less than 100000 yuan/set, and the price of domestic 6-axis robot is as low as 130000 yuan/set. At present, the annual salary cost of a domestic manufacturing worker is up to 40000 or 50000 yuan. According to the 12th Five Year Plan, it will be a huge expenditure if the minimum wage standard is increased by more than 13% annually and the wages of employees are increased by 15%

robots can work 24 hours, and each robot can replace at least 3 workers, so the cost can be recovered in less than 1 year. Even with the training of relevant staff and equipment maintenance costs, all the investment can be recovered in 18 months. The service life of robots is usually 10 years, and robots eliminated due to upgrading production lines can usually serve for more than 3 years

if a 6-axis robot can replace four or five workers, three shifts is an employee, and the annual labor cost can be saved by 480000-600000 yuan. The time required to actually recover the investment is no different from the time required to purchase 2-axis and 4-axis robots, but the difference is only the capital required to initially invest in the equipment

in addition to the labor cost advantage, robot production can also be large

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