The hottest industrial robots need brains

2022-08-15
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Industrial robots should "have brains"

put on the coat of high technology. Robots often appear in the topic of replacing human beings, making human hearts beat drums. As everyone knows, industrial robots that rotate around the production line 24 hours a day are often complained that they are too stupid to be flexible

traditional industrial robots can only do repetitive work in a fixed environment, relying on accurate repetitive positioning ability, and can not adapt to dynamic and complex environments, or cooperate with humans to complete the same work. Zhanghualiang, an associate researcher at Shenyang Institute of automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, told China Science Daily

as more and more scientific and technological personnel are committed to making industrial robots suitable for more scenes and easier to use, this situation is changing. Recently, an American company has developed a new type of chip. This chip enables the robot to think about how to deal with dynamic scenes, imagine the results of different actions, and finally select the most appropriate action for external output, so as to endow the industrial robot with intelligence

in the laboratory, two robots showed amazing teamwork ability after installing chips. They walked together, passing objects from time to time, and trying to avoid obstacles that hinder the transmission of objects. What impact will the intelligent industrial robots bring to production and life

simple mind and developed limbs are out of date

industrial robots were born in the 1940s, initially to engage in high-risk jobs or do things beyond human reach, such as nuclear fuel processing. Since then, robots have been used in automotive, electronic, metal and logistics industries, engaging in welding, assembly, painting, grinding, cutting, handling and sorting

China is a large industrial manufacturing country. Since 2013, China has also become the world's largest consumer of industrial robots. The industrial robots that have been advancing all the way have recently shown a downward trend. According to the data of the Institute of robotics for Industrial Research (GGII), in the first quarter of this year, China's import of multifunctional industrial robots fell by 29% year-on-year. At the same time, according to the National Bureau of statistics, the total output of industrial robots in China fell by 10% in the first four months of this year compared with the same period last year

Zhang Hualiang said that according to the 2018 China industrial robot market information released by the China robot industry alliance, the decline in demand in the electronic and electrical equipment and equipment manufacturing industry and the automotive industry is the main reason for the decline in the entire industrial robot market. However, the obvious decline in sales is mainly concentrated in foreign-funded brand industrial robots, while the sales and proportion of China's own brand industrial robots have increased compared with previous years

facing the declining trend of total output, he believes that a research and development team composed of scientists from the United States, the European Union and China has been established to adjust and upgrade the research and development of industrial robots in order to attract the attention of the industry. For example, complex programming, to a large extent, limits the scope of use of industrial robots, resulting in a narrow range of applications of industrial robots

how to find a breakthrough in the development of industrial robots? Zhang Hualiang said that the application fields and industries of industrial robots should be expanded and the application potential of small and medium-sized enterprises should be actively tapped

While the operation time is short

Shao Tianlan, founder and CEO of mecamand, is more simple and clear. Industrial robots are the key basic technology to realize intelligent manufacturing. For the development of industry, it is the only way to endow industrial robots with intelligence and increase the application scenarios of industrial robots

it's not enough to observe words and expressions.

what is intelligence? Shaotianlan gave an example. If the air conditioner at home can automatically adjust according to the indoor temperature and the number of people, when it finds that there are old people and children in the room, it can automatically turn down the wind, and when it finds that there are several sweaty boys in the room, it will increase the wind force, which shows that the air conditioner has intelligence

intelligence has a high potential for re receiving and receiving resources. The most important feature is to perceive the environment and adjust it according to the environmental conditions. Therefore, the most important perception ability to realize the primary intelligence of industrial robots is vision, followed by hearing, and other senses do not add up to these two

he believes that there are two hardware challenges to achieve the vision and hearing goals of robots: one is sensors, especially visual sensors; Second, it has an algorithm for intelligent decision-making

at present, the research represented by vision, hearing and other senses has become a hot spot in the research and development of industrial robots. But Li Miao, founder and CEO of Cooper Technology Co., Ltd., doesn't think so. Although the research and development of vision, force control, tactile and other sensors is Cooper's core business, the intellectualization of industrial robots is a system level problem. Industrial robot is a product of interdisciplinary integration. Its intelligence involves many aspects, and it cannot only focus on vision or touch

we should pay attention to the design of industrial robots. First of all, we should pay attention to the original design, which determines the capability range of robots. Secondly, the robot needs to have the ability of decision-making and judgment. For example, when a table tennis ball flies over, the robot needs to judge whether the ball is spinning up or down, the forehand or backhand, and where the attack starts and lands. These all need to be sensed, and then it needs to judge the state after it bounces up. After a series of thinking, the robot will accurately execute the thinking results and hit the ball in the future

do you think it's over? In fact, the last and most critical step is self-examination. Li Miao said that the robot does not burn, and the incombustible inorganic/organic composite foaming insulation material and incombustible exterior wall insulation and decoration board system, which can reach class A in performance, came into being. It can hit the ball beautifully every time, and sometimes it misses. This requires it to find problems in self-examination, learn lessons, and carry out intelligent automatic upgrading

Zhiai industry

at present, intelligent industrial robots are still in the stage of laboratory research. They practice their skills and improve their application performance on the basis of traditional robots

in the front line for many years, Li Miao's feelings are more specific. He believes that most of the research on industrial robots stays in the stages of design, perception and precise execution, and there are few studies involving robot decision-making and judgment, and it is even rare to see a team that can take design perception judgment execution introspection as a closed-loop research

although it is still in the stage of imagination and research, researchers have a glimpse of it, which is enough to imagine the future application scenarios of industrial robots

shaotianlan said that intelligent industrial robots will widely appear in industries with low automation, such as logistics, as well as labor-intensive industries, such as clothing, footwear, automobile assembly, toy assembly, etc

Li Miao introduced that they are developing a robot for picking mushrooms. Although mushrooms grow in the same place, their patterns are different, so they need to be classified. In the past, the industrial robot was able to judge the mushrooms by manually sorting the mushrooms and giving it the vision of sorting

industrial robots are endowed with more intelligence, and its application range will be broader. In the future, there will be more and more application scenarios of industrial robots. The technology of industrial robots will also be used in the service robots, disability robots, elderly care robots, etc. needed in daily life, but it is undeniable that the main battlefield of industrial robots is in the industrial field. Zhang Hualiang said

liberating human labor

talking about whether industrial robots will replace human work, Zhang Hualiang said that it is certain at some levels. For example, on the factory assembly line, sorters who select products by category, workers who polish components, and quality inspectors who check product quality may be replaced by industrial robots. From a positive point of view, as human beings are replaced by industrial robots, it can urge human beings to find a new direction of employment. It is meaningful for human development to encourage human beings to increase their work skills and have more complex work abilities

Li Miao said that although robots will replace some people, most of these jobs are repetitive, heavy, and even toxic and harmful physical labor. It is better to liberate human resources than to replace them. When low-end jobs are replaced by robots, labor costs will be reduced, and better jobs will emerge in China

he stressed that in addition to paying attention to whether it will replace human beings, we should also pay attention to the changes brought by industrial robots to industrial data. Intelligence must be realized through data, and the core of intelligence is data-based decision-making. The process of intelligent industrial robots is also the process of making industrial data more valuable, which is the greatest contribution of intelligent industrial robots

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